India is stepping up its efforts towards green shipping as the country seeks to reduce the carbon footprint across the sector. India’s total greenhouse gas emissions in 2014 were 3,202 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e).
The Department of Transport is already working on a Green Ports Policy to suggest the framework and guidelines for incorporating green initiatives in ports. It will cover targeted areas, monitor results and examine cost recovery mechanisms for port operators.
Under the Maritime India Vision 2030, a total of 963 initiatives have been identified to be implemented in major ports with an estimated investment of ₹67,720 crore. Of these, 208 – with an investment of ₹4,424 crore – have been completed and another 504 (₹48,256 crore) are under implementation. Most of the initiatives are in line with the International Maritime Organization’s 2030 Decarbonization Strategy and the International Maritime Organization’s 2050 Green Gas Strategy.
Green initiatives include increasing the share of renewable energy in major ports to around 60% by 2030; provide/provide shore power to vessels via berths; the adoption of a multi-clean fuel for vehicles in the port ecosystem and the phasing out of diesel locomotives.
“Some ports need to install solar power equipment and others need to apply for electricity distribution licenses to enable shore-to-ship operations. We are also focusing on ports like Chennai and Kandla, where such operations can start at the earliest,” sources at the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways said.
Work in progress
The port of New Mangalore has developed a green belt, with 33% of the land set aside for greenery. He also created a wastewater treatment plant; an oil spill response plan to monitor and control oil spills and has a 5.2 MW solar plant, in addition to solar panels on the roof. It has generated 34.95 million KWH of solar energy through December 2021 and reduced its carbon footprint by 29,709 tonnes.
Cochin Shipyard Ltd – India’s largest shipbuilding and maintenance facility – plans to build the first indigenous hydrogen fuel cell vessel. It will implement the project in collaboration with Indian partners. The vessel is expected to cost around ₹17.50 crore, 75% of which will be funded by the Center.
“Hydrogen fuel cells are efficient and environmentally friendly DC power sources already applied to heavy-duty bus, truck and train applications, and are currently under development for marine applications,” said Sarbananda Sonowal, Union Minister for the Ministry of Ports and Shipping. and waterways.
Various urban mobility solutions are also explored. These include the deployment of all-electric ferries and hydrogen ferries on inland waterways. For example, the use of hybrid LNG in river electric cargo vessels on National Waterways 1 and 2 is under study.
Sai Krishna, deputy vice president and sector head at ICRA, said the maritime transport and green port initiatives taken by the ministry are important and that the implementation of these measures will complement the modernization and development plans. expansion of the port sector. It will also ensure better ESG compliance; that can help attract investment for the sector.
The pace of implementation of the various measures remains to be seen. Nevertheless, given the growing importance of ESG considerations and the fact that the government has aggressive expansion/modernization plans for the sector, timely implementation of these policy measures will be crucial, he said. declared.
May 15, 2022